When Constellation Energy Group's commodities group needed a new system recently, it considered the usual sources of labour: internal staff; a consultant; a contractor; offshore programmers; or a mix of all four.
Instead, it turned to a somewhat less traditional technique: Ask programmers from all over the world to compete with each other to write the best code for the system. When all is said and done, hundreds of programmers will labour over a system that, in the end, will represent the work of less than 100 developers, whose code will be hand-selected by Constellation and TopCoder, the company that is managing the competition.
Welcome to the world of crowdsourcing, defined by Jeff Howe, who maintains the Crowdsourcing.com blog, as "the act of taking a job traditionally performed by a designated agent (usually an employee) and outsourcing it to an undefined, generally large group of people in the form of an open call". Howe is also writing a soon-to-be-released book on the topic.
Sound exotic? It may now, but get used to it. Everywhere you look companies are turning to a wide variety of crowdsourcing models to do everything from programming, to market surveys, to product development, to R&D.
They're doing this in part because of the burgeoning number of people clamouring to share their thoughts, talents, ideas and critiques on all sorts of Web 2.0 platforms.
Thanks to the success of user-generated sites such as YouTube and Wikipedia, for instance, newly empowered consumers will increasingly demand having a say in product development plans, says Jonathan Edwards, an analyst at Yankee Group Research.
"Crowdsourcing is an easy way to satisfy consumers' demands to be heard and to get free feedback at very little expense that is impossible to get otherwise," Edwards says.
Also compelling is the increasingly popular notion among companies desperate to stay competitive that the best, most direct and possibly cheapest sources of innovation lie outside the corporate walls, among customers and other previously hidden sources of talent. "The focus of every company today is on innovation, which has led to an 'all-hands-on-deck' mentality," Edwards says.
Recent examples of crowdsourcing abound. For instance:
Through a platform dubbed IdeaStorm, by Dell, invites users to post ideas and either promote or demote each other's suggestions. Highly rated ideas get pushed to the top of the site. Since IdeaStorm's inception in February 2007, according to Edwards, Dell has gone to market with more than 20 user-generated suggestions, including reinstating Windows XP as an alternative to Vista on its consumer PCs. "The crowd has spoken, and Dell is delivering," he says.
Tesla Motors, a start-up that's working to build an all-electric sports car, recently asked readers of its blog to download a spreadsheet it developed, fill in information related to their home's circuitry and electrical load and submit the resulting data, which will reveal their home's available and required amperage.
The company, which will use this data to design its home-charging stations, chose this technique because it was having difficulty finding other ways to determine the biggest EV charging circuit that could be installed in a typical house.