How to upgrade from Windows XP to Windows 10

Here's how to upgrade from WindowsXP to Windows 10, what you need to consider


Since its release in 2015, Windows 10 has had several updates to its OS, including the Anniversary Update in August 2016 and the Creators Update in April 2017. 

The latest update is the Windows 10 Fall Creators Update which was made available on general release on 17 October 2017 and came packed full of features including improvements to its mobile experience and creative capabilities. 

How to upgrade PCs from Windows XP to Windows 10
How to upgrade PCs from Windows XP to Windows 10

However, just because Microsoft has completed a major update, doesn't mean it has stopped making changes and adjusting Windows 10. Quite the opposite. 

Since the Fall Creators Update, Microsoft has been fixing bugs raised by users, releasing security patches and releasing a few minor features.

There are countless reasons why an XP user should take the plunge and upgrade to Windows 10. Below we address what to consider, key benefits and common pitfalls.

Read next: Windows 10 Fall Creators Update: Features & updates.

What to consider before upgrading

Windows XP is still loved by many people and runs on millions of PCs and laptops. But it has many, many drawbacks.

First among your concerns will probably be security. The WannaCry ransomware virus rampaged its way across Windows XP machines that were simply not supported to the extent that the modern threat landscape requires. The malware shutting down everything from hospitals to delivery companies was proof if anything of the extreme consequences of unpatched machines. Support officially ended for Windows XP in April 2014.

Windows XP isn't eligible for a free update to Windows 10. That is more of a concern for home- rather than business users of Windows, but if you are running a Windows XP shop and looking to upgrade, there will be a cost attached.

Of course, there is a cost attached to not moving on from XP. Potentially in terms of the security threat, but definitely when you take into consideration lack of support for third-party software and peripherals.

Read next: G Suite vs Office 365 - What's the best office suite for business?

There is simply no way to upgrade from Windows XP and keep your files, settings and programs. It isn't a limitation of Windows 10 but a built-in limitation of XP. And that will cause a big problem in most offices.

It is solvable, but before you start you need to think about backing up all files and folders, and making sure you have licences and code for all critical software programs. And warn people. A lot.

Even still you may also want to think about upgrading some of the hardware, for instance moving your PCs to SSDs.

You definitely need to audit what you have in terms of hardware. Solid-state drives are much faster than traditional hard disks and can give a new lease of life to a PC you thought was destined for the scrap heap. But they are a cost, both in terms of the component and the time.

So given that running XP means that you have machines that are over seven years old, it may be a better idea to save the money on a Windows 10 licence, take the plunge and put the cash towards new laptops or PCs. Again: a short-term cost that may offset long-term costs.

Read next: Windows 10 for business: Pros and cons for enterprise users.

Benefits of upgrading to Windows 10

For one thing, your colleagues will be surprised at how much quicker their computers will be once you install a fresh version of Windows.

The system requirements of Windows really haven't changed since Windows Vista, and starting from a clean hard disk means there's no build-up of programs that start with Windows, slowing it down and using up precious memory. Plus Windows 10 is very light on system resources.

The other key benefits are security and compatibility. We have touched on the latter above, but suffice to say that in a cross-platform world you want to be able to sync with the latest hardware and software. XP will be able to do that only to a decreasing extent. Windows 10 buys you a lot more time.

More important, perhaps, is the security threat inherent in running an OS that is no longer supported. Windows 10 is naturally more secure due to its built-in antivirus and fleet management features, too.

Downsides of Windows 10

You'd be foolish to think that Windows 10 was a perfect operating system. There are many factors that could put you off migrating your office to the latest version of the Window's OS.

So while Microsoft has attempted to make the rolling out Windows 10 as pain-free as possible, integrating numerous machines with the operating system will be a massive job, not to mention a costly one.

Read next:  How to speed up Windows 10.

The actual price to move machines from XP to Windows 10 is a lot when multiplied by X amount of PCs. You should also consider the cost of training staff, especially if you're moving from Windows 8.

Moving from XP to Windows 10 could set you back upwards of £200 per PC (Windows 10 Pro). 

The deadline for Windows 7 support is 14 January 2020, so any business wanting to start the migration process should start soon-ish, as full migrations can take up to 18 months for large businesses.

How do I update a Windows XP PC to Windows 10?

Whichever version of Windows 10 you are upgrading to, you'll have the option of a physical disc or a digital download. We recommend a physical disc if upgrading from XP. (It seems unlikely that a seven-year-old PC won't have a DVD drive, but if not you will need a bootable USB drive.)

Once again, check that all files and folders have been copied to an external hard drive, USB thumb drive or a cloud storage service.

Find your software installation discs and licence keys. If you have misplaced the keys, use a free program such as Magical Jellybean Keyfinder to search the Windows registry for these codes, and then write them down. 

Encourage your colleagues to back up their email inboxes, and export internet bookmarks and other settings that they want to keep. You will get pain from this, so aim for the least pain possible.

Now head to Microsoft's Windows 10 download page and click on the link for the version you need. Use 32-bit only if your computer doesn't have a 64-bit processor - it may not if it is an XP PC. 

You need to save the file, and create a bootable DVD or USB thumb drive. Given that you will be doing this a lot, it may be worth purchasing Windows 10 media instead. If you are a business customer, speak to your sales rep.

Once you have a bootable drive, navigate to it and run setup.exe.

The first screen will ask if you want to get the latest updates - it's worth doing this. Accept the licence terms and if you chose to, the installer will download the latest updates.

Then, it will check to make sure your system meets the minimum requirements and if it does, will show a 'Ready to install' screen.

You may also see a 'What needs your attention' screen explaining any reason why Windows 10 can't be installed and what you can do about it.

How to install Windows 10

Click install and your PC will reboot.

You'll see a Windows logo, followed by a language selection. Keep an eye on the install as it will reboot your computer and if you don't remove the DVD or flash drive it might try to boot from it instead of your hard drive. The process should work automatically.

Finally, Windows 10 will boot, ask you a few questions and then ask you to sign in with your Microsoft ID.

At this point, you can set up the user structure you want on your PCs. When you finally get to the Windows 10 desktop, allow a bit of time for Windows 10 search for drivers for your hardware.

The screen resolution may be wrong, but after a few minutes, the correct resolution should be set.

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