The Apple iPhone has two design flaws that could pose security problems, according to a researcher.
The first concerns the iPhone's email application, which automatically downloads images within an email, said Aviv Raff, a security researcher.
It is problematic because the image will refer back to a server-side script when it is downloaded, indicating to the sender that the e-mail has been opened and the e-mail address is valid. The address can then be spammed.
Email applications usually are configured to block images from untrusted sources to prevent the problem, Raff said. He suggests that users avoid using Mail or be wary when clicking on links that come from an untrusted source.
The second design flaw is how the iPhone's email application displays URLs (Uniform Resource Locators). Messages can be shown in plain text or HTML (Hypertext Markup Language). When in HTML mode, a user can get an email where the text of the link is different than the actual link.
The true link can be displayed by hovering over the text, and a pop-up window reveals the URL. But the problem is the pop-up window truncates the URL since there isn't enough space on the screen.
An attacker could create a site with a long subdomain in order to fool a user into thinking it's a legitimate site. In fact, a website designed to trick a person into revealing personal information, known as a phishing site, Raff said.
After the bad link is served up in the Safari browser, the user may still only see a fraction of the URL. If the address bar is clicked in mobile Safari, the cursor jumps to the end of the URL, so a person must scroll back to see the URL in its entirety, Raff wrote on his blog.
Neither Apple's mobile Safari nor the desktop version of the browser have a phishing filter.
Raff said he notified Apple more than two months ago about the design flaws. The company told Raff they were working on fixes but hadn't said when those fixes would be released.
Raff said he decided to go public with the information since Apple has since released at least three iPhone updates but hasn't addressed the issues.
"I think they put their own users at much more risk by not fixing this," Raff said in an interview. "At least now the users who read this will know to be careful. It's only a matter of time until the bad guys will find this anyway."
Apple could not immediately be reached for comment.