Even though a smattering of IT vendors including Dell and Nortel Networks issued earnings warnings this week, industry insiders remain hopeful that tech companies won't be dragged down as Wall Street giants collapse.
After reports surfaced Thursday that the federal government is considering creating a repository for the failing banks' bad debt, the tech-heavy Nasdaq Composite Index jumped 5 percent, or 100 points, to close at 2199. The report about the repository seemed to allow underlying confidence in the tech market to push up even IT stocks that had been battered earlier in the week.
Dell shares tumbled about 10 percent Tuesday after it reported that demand for its products has dropped this quarter. Over the next two days, however, the shares recovered most of their value. Even Nortel shares, which lost half their value Wednesday after the company issued an earnings warning, rose again Thursday. Nortel said carriers are lowering capital expenditure plans, and some corporate users have deferred IT investments.
On Thursday, Dell shares rose by US$1.06 to close at $17.25, while Nortel's shares rose by $0.23 to $2.91.
The collapse of Wall Street investment banks, however, sent a shock wave through the technology sector. The banks are IT leaders due to the computing-intensive nature of financial services. Wall Street alone accounts for about 30 percent of the approximately $127 billion that the entire financial services sector will spend on IT this year in the US, according to Andrew Bartels, a principal analyst with the Forrester Group. Lehman Brothers, one of the investment banks that failed this week, spent $1.14 billion on IT last year alone.
But a bank's failure doesn't mean that its entire IT budget will vanish, Bartels pointed out. Banks that are folding or being bought out, like Lehman or Merrill Lynch, have IT systems that will keep running under different management.
"When banks merge they may end up using one e-mail system, but some trading platforms will still need to be supported," Bartels noted.
"From our perspective, the bigger issue is not what is happening on Wall Street but what is happening in the larger economy," Bartels said. A tightening of credit could curb both corporate and consumer spending, he noted.
That's one reason that Forrester earlier this week revised its U.S. IT spending forecast for 2009. That forecast now calls for 6.1 percent growth, down from its previous forecast of 9.4 percent. The downturn that Forrester and many other analysts thought would hit in the first half of 2008 is now expected to occur in the second half of the year and the first half of 2009.
Nevertheless, just as the government thinks some banks are too big to allow to fail, and it lends them money to prop them up, most IT industry insiders say IT budgets are too strategic for companies to let them drop too drastically.
"The economic conditions are there, but we do think we have a unique value proposition and we think we can help companies, especially small and medium-size companies, solve their IT problems," said Tom Tobul, executive director for marketing of emerging products at Lenovo. Lenovo this week was showing off its new Clickserver line of server towers and racks at Interop in New York.
"You look at this show we're at and there are a tremendous number of companies out here looking for solutions to their pain points," Tobul said.
Ultimately, while tech products like servers and PCs may be the first to be cut from IT budgets, Forrester's Bartels said, "You can't put off purchasing decisions for too long." This is why IT sales should bounce back after two or three quarters of downward pressure, Bartels said.
Though Citigroup lowered its share target price on Dell from $28 to $26, it remained fairly upbeat. In a research report, Citigroup analyst Richard Gardner said, "Still, our estimates suggest a very favorable risk/reward. ... Management has characterized U.S. large accounts and U.S. federal government -- several of the company's most profitable segments -- as stable or 'pretty good,'" Gardner said.
Meanwhile Oracle's earnings report, issued after the market closed Thursday, will help buoy software investor confidence. Oracle's quarterly profit jumped 28 percent to $1.08 billion, despite the U.S. economic turmoil. One of the company's most critical indicators of health, new software license revenue, increased 14 percent. Oracle shares gained $0.65 to $18.75 during after-market trading right after the release of the report.