Vint Cerf, widely considered one of the fathers of the internet, said yesterday that internet governance is one of the most critical issues in the high-tech world.
Speaking at the Google Atmosphere event in California, Cerf said that the internet is a disruptive influence in most areas of people's lives and that it is making a lot of governments around the world nervous.
"I hope no one will forget the effects of the Arab Spring," Cerf told an audience. "There are governments that see the internet as an important social element, business element, political element. Governments have liked to think they were in control of these elements. And they feel less in control of the internet because of its ubiquity and its lack of control."
And the threat of losing control, according to Cerf, means that some governments will try to extend their reach and try to grab back some of that control. He called it a dangerous situation to be faced with.
"Even our own government is beginning to go a tad overboard on intellectual property protection," Cerf added. "There are some big issues coming. Remember governance is a very, very big word that includes law enforcement, human rights, business transactions. It touches everything, including the standards world and copyrights. That's why internet governance is Topic A in many quarters."
Cerf also touched on internet security, saying people still ask him why he didn't help build more security into the web in the first place.
"It's because the technology was classified," said Cerf said. "But this is 2011, and the technology is available to do a better job. We are in a fairly hostile environment on the net. We have serious work to do as a community to implement new technologies and adopt practices and standards that will improve the security of the net."
He added that more encryption, digital signatures and two-factor authentication are needed.