Greenpeace International has criticised some of the world's largest PC makers for backtracking on commitments to reduce hazardous substances in hardware.
HP, Dell and Lenovo were among the companies pointed out by Greenpeace that failed to stick to commitments to eliminate hazardous substances like polyvinyl chloride (PVC) plastic and brominated flame retardants (BFRs) from their products. The substances could be potentially damaging to the environment and human health.
The pressure group reserved praise for companies like Acer, Toshiba and Apple. Apple was lauded for introducing a new line of computers that are "virtually free" of certain hazardous substances like PVC plastic and BFRs.
The details were pointed out in Greenpeace's Guide to Greener Electronics, a guide that ranks IT companies based on their environmental and recycling efforts, as well as the power consumption and chemical content in their products.
Greenpeace criticised HP for delaying an earlier commitment to phase out the contaminants from its products from 2009 to 2011. Lenovo delayed a similar commitment to the end of 2010. The organisation also pointed out that Dell completely dropped a timeline to eliminate PVC plastic and BFRs from its products, which was earlier set at the end of 2009.
"There are no excuses for backtracking, and no reason for these companies not to have PCs free of PVC and BFRs," wrote Greenpeace on its website.
Greenpeace praised Apple for its new line of products being "virtually" free of PVC and BFRs, including PCs like MacBooks. It also lauded Apple for its efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and recycling efforts. However, Apple was criticised for not providing a timeline on removing chemicals from certain products, like arsenic from display glass.
Acer, on the other hand, stuck to its commitment to eliminate PVC and BFRs in its products by the end of 2009, according to Greenpeace. Toshiba also did well in containing chemicals and hazardous substances in some of its products, including three laptop models.
Dell is trying its best to reduce harmful substances in its products, and is already delivering some products that are PVC- and BFR-free, said Michelle Mosmeyer, a spokeswoman at Dell.
"However, as there are no viable alternatives for many of the components used in our products that include these chemicals, we've adjusted our timetable for eliminating them accordingly," Mosmeyer said.
Greenpeace acknowledged that Dell was stepping up recycling efforts and its commitment to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and harmful chemicals. Dell, for example, has launched the G-Series monitors, its first completely PVC- and BFR-free products.
But the Greenpeace said that Dell should not have engaged in a public spat over Apple's advertising claims to having "the world's greenest family of notebooks".
"It's ridiculous that some companies, such as Dell, are busy challenging Apple's advertising claims when Apple is clearly leading its competitors on toxics phase out," Greenpeace wrote. PC companies should instead be concentrating on matching or beating Apple's lead on this issue.
Dell earlier filed a complaint with advertising US watchdog the National Advertising Division (NAD) of the Council of Better Business Bureaus, saying Apple's use of the phrase "the world's greenest family of notebooks" was misleading buyers and also a "broad superiority claim" against all manufacturers' laptops.
The NAD investigation last month concluded that consumers could be misled by Apple's claims, and suggested Apple change the green tagline in advertisements to "avoid overstatement". However, the NAD opinion also stated that Apple's products met higher environmental standards across all product lines compared to competitors.
The study ranked a wide range of electronics in addition to PCs, including mobile phones and televisions. Nokia's environmental efforts rated highest, followed by Samsung, Sony Ericsson, LG Electronics and Toshiba.