While the US IT sector has shown signs of resiliency in recent months, a new report by Gartner predicts the current economic slowdown will accelerate the offshoring of IT jobs to countries such as India.
In the report, Gartner notes that many US companies are taking steps to speed up their offshoring programmes in order to contain their labour" by sending more of their IT jobs offshore. In the worst-case scenario, the slowdown will turn into a prolonged recession that will indefinitely delay non-critical projects and lead to enhancement and innovation projects being cancelled, Gartner says.
The research firm also says that India, which has long been a staple country of IT offshoring, has been losing some of its lustre as an offshore destination because of rising wages, which have recently seen annual increases between 10 percent to 15 percent.
Gartner recommends that companies considering offshoring work to India either look at branching out their offshoring facilities to more countries, or that they negotiate multi-year annuity-based outsourcing contracts with vendors that let them raise rates by between 3- and 5-percent per year to account for employee salary increases.
But even with its increasing wages, Gartner thinks that India is still a very valuable asset for countries looking to offshore their labour, as the country is "central to the entire IT sector today, both in terms of indigenous, India-centric service providers that have a wide-ranging impact on the IT services sector, and a vast and growing IT labour pool being trained to support a global client base."
Additionally, says study author Allie Young, employing an Indian IT worker costs about a third of what it costs to employ an American IT worker.
"India still remains the most proven country with the greatest scale and the most sophisticated service providers," she says. "In China, there is still a large gap in terms of language, and Latin America and Mexico do not have the scale that India has."
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