A US lawmaker has posted the controversial Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA) online and is asking the public to comment and make changes to the copyright enforcement treaty.
Representative Darrell Issa, a California Republican, posted ACTA on his Keepthewebopen.com site yesterday. Even though the US and seven other countries signed the agreement in October, the public needs to be included in the debate as President Barack Obama's administration begins to implement ACTA, Issa said.
Issa compared ACTA to the Stop Online Piracy Act (SOPA) and the Protect IP Act (PIPA), two controversial bills that prompted widespread online protests in late 2011 and early this year.
"ACTA represents as great a threat to an open internet as SOPA and PIPA and was drafted with even less transparency and input from digital citizens," Issa said. "This agreement was negotiated in secret and many of its vague provisions would clearly increase economic uncertainty, while imposing onerous new regulations on job creators, Internet service providers, innovators and individual Americans."
Like SOPA and PIPA, ACTA is "vague" and could create consequences that reach beyond the drafters' original intent, Issa said.
ACTA would require countries that sign it to enforce criminal copyright-infringement laws and take steps to prevent counterfeit goods from entering their borders and to take actions against distributors of pirated digital goods.
As of yesterday evening, no one except Issa had commented on the site or suggested changes to ACTA. It's important for the public to comment on ACTA because Issa believes the agreement is either a treaty that must be ratified by the Senate or a multilateral agreement that must be approved by Congress, a spokesman for Issa said.
The Office of US Trade Representative has said that ACTA is an executive agreement that does not need congressional approval.
Supporters of ACTA have said the treaty is important to help protect copyright worldwide. The countries signing the agreement "all recognise that strong intellectual property protection is essential to fostering creativity and innovation in their economies, creating good jobs, increasing cultural diversity, promoting technological advances, enhancing the rule of law, and boosting legal trade in products and services protected by copyright and other intellectual property laws," the International Intellectual Property Alliance (IIPA) said in October.
ACTA will help US companies protect their intellectual property, said the Office of US Trade Representative. The agreement will foster "increased leadership in the international fight against counterfeiting and piracy," the agency said in October.
But Issa criticised the agreement, saying most negotiations were in secret. The deal appears to violate Congress' authority to make policy affecting US trade and intellectual property law, he added.