The European Parliament has voted to create a pan-European patent system with the goal of making it cheaper and simpler to obtain patents.
Parliament adopted all three proposed regulations needed to form the new patent system today: the regulation on a Unitary Patent, the language regime and the formation of a new unified patent court system.
Not all European Union member states want a part in the new system: Italy and Spain refused to participate, although they may join at any time. The new system will cut the cost of obtaining a patent in the participating countries by up to 80%, the Parliament said. The patents will be made available in English, French and German and applications will have to be made in one of those three languages.
The next stage in the legislative process is for the Council of the EU to approve Parliament's decision, but that should be a formality since the Council already endorsed the text on Monday, a European Parliament official said. After that, the EU member states must each ratify the decision.
"The international agreement creating a unified patent court will enter into force on 1 January 2014 or after thirteen contracting states ratify it, provided that UK, France and Germany are among them," the Parliament said. "The other two acts would apply from 1 January 2014, or from the date when the international agreement enters into force, whichever is the latest."
There is no deadline for ratification, though, so the process may take longer to set up, the official said.
The formation of an EU-wide patent system has been debated since the seventies, and Members of the European Parliament (MEPs) that favored the current regulation were glad that over 30 years of negotiations a new patent system finally can be formed, they said during the debate on Tuesday morning in Strasbourg.
Making it simpler and cheaper for innovators to register patents can help innovation, as well as making the legal framework simpler, said Toine Manders, a Dutch MEP of the ALDE party who is also an inventor and a lawyer.
Not everyone was pleased with the newly adopted regulation though. MEPs opposing the adopted text are concerned the new system is going to be bad for innovation and business, and by voting for the text, the Parliament is giving away powers, they said.
The new regulation "means the European Parliament will abdicate all its political powers to an organisation that is outside of the EU," said Christian Engström, Pirate Party member of parliament, adding that he still wanted a European patent as long as it did not hamper innovation as he believes the proposal in its current form does.