In 2002, NHS England announced the launch of the NHS National Programme for IT (NPfIT), an ambitious project to transform the way that the NHS used data. However, a string of contract blunders and delays saw the initiative swell to costing as much as £9.8 billion, prompting MPs on the Public Accounts Committee to call it one of the "worst and most expensive contracting fiascos in the history of the public sector".
In September 2011, almost a decade since it was announced, the government said that the programme would be dismantled.
From the very beginning, it was found the NPfIT struggled with juggling its contracts - the government had to renegotiate with CSC across 220 trusts after a string of delays and other problems. After 10 years, not a single trust had a functioning care records system, the PAC claimed.
And terminating contracts also incurred hefty legal fees, as companies like Fujitsu sought compensation.
"The taxpayer is continuing to pay the price for the ill-fated National Programme for IT in the NHS," said Richard Bacon, member of the Committee, at the time. "Although officially 'dismantled', the National Programme continues in the form of separate component programmes which are still racking up big costs."